Endoscopy is a kind of a non-surgical procedure that is mainly prescribed by the doctors to examine a persons’ digestive tract.
When it comes to endoscopy accessories, it is majorly an endoscope. Now, what exactly is an endoscope? Well, it is a kind of a flexible tube with a light and a camera attached to the top of it. The doctor can view the picture of the patient’s digestive tract on a color monitor TV.
During an upper endoscopy, the endoscope can easily pass through the mouth and throat of the patient and it then reaches the esophagus. This helps the doctor to view the esophagus, stomach and upper part of the small intestine present in the human body.
This endoscope can also be passed through the large intestine or colon through the rectum to exam the other area of the intestine as well. This procedure is known as colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy depending on how far the colon is being examined.
There is also a special form of endoscopy that is also known as the endoscopic retrograde or ERCP. This allows the picture of gallbladder, pancreas and related structures to be taken. This procedure is also done during the time of biopsies and stent placements.
The Endoscopic Ultrasound or EUS combines upper endoscopy and ultrasound examination to obtain images and information about various parts of the digestive tract.
Why one needs to go for an endoscopy test? Well, here are some major reasons why doctors prescribe it:
- Stomach pain
- Ulcers, gastritis, or difficulty swallowing
- Digestive tract bleeding
- Changes in bowel habits like if one is suffering from chronic constipation or diarrhea
- Polyps or growths in the colon
Apart from the above-mentioned reasons, the doctors can also prescribe an endoscopy in order to take a biopsy to look for the presence of cancer in a human body.
Endoscopy can also be used in order to treat a digestive tract problem. Like, the endoscope might not only detect if there is any active bleeding happening from an ulcer, but this device can be passed through the endoscope so that it can stop the bleeding that is happening. In the colon, polyps can be removed through the endoscope in order to prevent the development of colon cancer.
But is endoscopy a safe procedure? As per medical authorities, this procedure is very much safe though it might have a few potential complications like:
- Perforation (tearing in the gut wall)
- Reaction to sedation
- Pancreatitis as a result of ERCP
The endoscopy accessories manufacturer provides the endoscope to the doctors and they are mainly gastroenterologists who are specialists in performing the test. They can ask the patients to stay away from food and water for a few hours before the test and can also ask them to not take a few medicines as that can create a few complications in the process. If one is pregnant, then they must make the doctors aware of it before the test happens.